About AGMA

PRO Act FAQ and Fact Sheet

[This information was provided by AFL-CIO]

Bottom Line Upfront

The PRO Act doesn’t stop anyone from doing freelance work. It protects freelancers’ rights to organize and collectively bargain if they choose to.

PRO Act opponents are waging a misinformation campaign around freelance work and the ABC test. We’re going to explain what the ABC test is and how the PRO Act affects freelancers.

The PRO Act is the most important piece of worker empowerment legislation since the Great Depression. We want to make sure everyone understands what’s in the bill and why we need it. Then you can help us meet opponents’ attacks head-on.


I hear that the PRO Act is just like California’s A.B. 5 and would cause freelance journalists and creative professionals to lose work. Is this true?

No. The only way the PRO Act affects freelance journalists and creative professionals is allowing them to join a union and collectively bargain.

If they don’t want to organize, they don’t have to.

The PRO Act doesn’t stop anyone from doing freelance work, whether they organize or not.

What is the ABC test?

It’s called the ABC test because it’s a set of three criteria, laid out as Section A, Section B and Section C.

The three criteria are:

A.          Is the worker independent from the business’ control?

B.          Is the worker doing work the business doesn’t normally do?

C.          Is the worker a separate business entity from the employer?

Why does the PRO Act have the ABC test?

In the PRO Act, the ABC test is used to determine who qualifies for protection under federal law when they choose to organize a union or bargain collectively. If someone meets all three criteria, they’re protected under federal law.

It is a critical part of the bill because employers often try to stop their workers from organizing by falsely claiming the workers are independent contractors. The ABC test would protect the rights of those workers.

So is it the same as California’s A.B. 5?

No. A.B. 5 in California redefines who is considered an employee under a broad range of state employment laws.

The PRO Act does not touch any of those laws. The PRO Act only affects the federal law that governs private sector unions.

I’m a freelancer. Will the PRO Act force my clients to hire me as a W-2 employee?

No. The PRO Act does not affect any of the laws that typically determine whether someone is hired as a W-2 employee.

It doesn’t affect tax law, minimum wage, overtime, unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation, etc.

Does the PRO Act outlaw independent contracting or gig work? Does it make freelancing illegal?

No. Nothing in the PRO Act outlaws any kind of work arrangement.

Fact Sheet